An Elia essay is an essay written by Charles Lamb, an English essayist of the Romantic era. The Elia essays are a collection of Lamb's most famous works, and they are renowned for their humorous, whimsical style and clever use of irony. Lamb wrote the Elia essays to illustrate his witty, lighthearted take on life, and they often feature characters based on himself and his friends.

The Elia essays are divided into four main sections: "Dream-Children A Reverie," "New Year's Eve," "A Complaint of the Decay of Beggars in the Metropolis," and "Poor Relations." In these sections, Lamb utilizes irony and humor to express his views on topics such as family and relationships, aging, poverty, and the changing face of London in the 19th century. One of the most famous Elia essays is "Dream-Children A Reverie" in which Lamb imagines what life would be like if he had children and muses on the joys of parenthood.

Lamb's Elia essays were revolutionary for their time, as they explored topics that had not been addressed in literature before. In addition to exploring serious topics, Lamb's writing is incredibly witty and entertaining. For example, in "New Year's Eve," Lamb discusses his own mortality and ponders the idea of time passing by too quickly. The piece is filled with clever observations and wry humor.

The Elia essays remain popular today, as they offer an entertaining, humorous look at life while also exploring deeper topics such as mortality and parenthood. Lamb's writing is still inspiring to readers all over the world, and his works have been adapted into various forms including theater productions and films. Even after two centuries, the Elia essays continue to be revered for their wit and insight.